Make sure that you have the right equipment before you go chop-chop. Prune the rubber plant with a sharp pair of pruning shears. It might even result in creating lovely little floral siblings. Always make thinning cuts to just above a dormant bud. In a pinch, you can use a sharp kitchen knife to prune the plant. “It’s where the leaf stalk, or petiole, attaches to the stem. CA Do Not Sell My Personal Information     Sitemap redirect. Shearing: For this cut, use scissorlike pruning “shears” to keep hedge lines straight and neat. Some plants require winter pruning when they’re dormant. Some of the tree’s important hormones — growth stimulators or regulators — come from the bud at the tip of each leafy shoot or branch, which biologists call the apical, leading, or tip bud. My favorite plant to prune and propagate is the Pothos, because I can easily propagate trimmed stems in water.”. Well+Good decodes and demystifies what it means to live a well life, inside and out. You can cut back the entire plant to 6 to 12 inches of growth (basically starting over), or you can prune gradually over time. Pruning Shears Earlier this year our homes went from being the places where we'd catch a few winks and spend nights bingeing 'Queer Eye' to our gym, office, school, restaurant, etc. Our editors independently select these products. Plant Pruning Tips . It can be super intimidating to go chop-chop with something you’ve spent all summer nurturing into this big, gorgeous, only-browning-in-some areas plant! But apparently, giving your plants a trim is just as important as taking your kid to the barber shop (and don’t tell me otherwise). “There are so many reasons you might find yourself learning how to prune a plant, including general grooming,” says Erin Marino, plant expert and marketing director of The Sill. The tip bud stimulates new, lengthy, vertical growth and stifles the growth of lower potential shoots — called dormant buds. Pruning (trimming tree) Prune the plants at the beginning of the growing season. Cut at a slight angle and leave about 1⁄4 inch (0.6 cm) of the shoot above the bud — not a long stub. Tools You Need to Prune. By doing that, you’re allowing your plant to refocus its energy on new, healthy growth, instead of sustaining unhealthy growth.”. For indoor trees, remove the weaker branch when two are crossing or two are developing from the … How to prune plants the right way 1. If you aren’t pruning each type of plant in your garden, you should choose the tool you need to prune the plants you do grow. Yes, you might want to pick up some gardening shears because learning how to prune your plants is an act of love. I’ve been told that the day your child gets their first haircut is an emotional one; I have yet to experience this because the only babies in my life are a lavender plant named Carla and an orchid named Helene. Is It Maskne, or Rosacea? Prune off any dead branches or stems at the base of the plant or to the main stem, when pruning trees. “Your plant will have less energy to maintain all its new summer growth and may begin to drop some leaves. Read our Privacy Policy and Terms and Conditions. Pinching is handy with soft annuals and perennials, but also good for larger plants, if you do it early enough when their shoots are still young and soft. Specifically, you’ll want to make your cut flush with the potting soil. “Most leafy plants can benefit from the occasional pruning, and you might find yourself benefiting, too,” says Marino. “Remove all the unhealthy foliage above the surface of the potting mix. But as Marino reminds me, plants are more resilient than we give them credit for. All rights reserved. According to Marino, it can style a plant into a certain shape (particularly with bonsai trees), keep it contained to a certain pot, and remove dead or dying foliage. Some of the tree’s important hormones — growth stimulators or regulators — come from the bud at the tip of each leafy shoot or branch, which biologists call the apical, leading, or tip bud. But not so fast—we don’t want to give your flowers the botanical equivalent of a bowl cut. Keep in mind, though, that not every single plant will even need consistent pruning like this. According to Marino, this is where the magic happens. Trim some branches back by a quarter, others by a half, and still others all the way back to their base. This is perfectly normal. Prune … A mixture of hormones and food controls a tree’s growth. Pruning plants isn’t just about shaping them. You will need three different tools to prune. “And when it comes to super slow growers like cacti, you probably wouldn’t find yourself in a position where you need to prune.”. And, yes, it can keep your plant’s foliage looking fresh to death if it’s grown a little unruly. “Pruning can help your plant grow compact and bushy, or allow you to remove dying foliage allowing your plant to refocus its energy on healthy growth.”. Nodes have dormant buds, which can be activated to cause new stems and branches,” she says. You can give your plants a hand by pulling off a few leaves to help them retain lush and bushy foliage.”. When a branch is positioned at a 45- to 60-degree angle, the flow of carbohydrates, hormones, and nutrients naturally favors the formation of flower buds. If you have a young rubber plant with thin stems, you could also trim it using a pair of sharp household scissors. “If your plant’s foliage isn’t healthy, such as the leaves have a fungal infection that just won’t quit, prune your plant back in its entirety,” says Marino. This will help discourage the spread of any disease. Pruning plants isn’t just about shaping them. An Expert Derm Shares Tips for Managing Both, Natural Eating Isn’t Just for Humans—Here’s What You Should Feed Your Dog, According to a Vet Nutritionist, A Bottle of This Hair-Growth Solution Sells Every 36 Seconds—Here’s Why. “As we transition from summer to fall, the amount of light your plant receives will most likely decrease,” says Marino. Deadheading involves pinching off spent blooms and dead flowers so that the plant’s energy can be refocused towards sprouting new ones. “Calatheas, for example, would be trimmed this way,” says Marino. The dormant buds below the cut burst into growth and begin to produce the tip hormones themselves. It impacts how well your plants will grow. Regular pruning of rosemary plants will keep the stems from getting thick and woody. When you clip out any tip bud, you take away the stifling tip hormones and their dominance. “Sometimes that pruned foliage—if healthy—can be propagated into an entirely new plant. If you haven't been pruning your fruit-bearing bushes regularly, you might need to do some rejuvenation pruning to remove anything that's overgrown or dead. “It’s where the leaf stalk, or petiole, attaches to the stem. Get it daily. This way, when the plant … For some plants, the extra foliage pre-pruning can serve as a protector throughout the winter.