Jabuticaba - Myrciaria cauliflora. The fruit resembles a slip-skin grape. The name jabuticaba, derived from the Tupi word jaboti/jabuti (tortoise) + caba (place), meaning the place where you find tortoises. The young foliage and branchlets are lightly haired. Jabuticaba, pronounced in five syllables just as it is spelled, is a member of the Myrtaceae (Myrtle) family and is known botanically as Eugenia cauliflora. ("Cauliflora" means that it flowers and bears fruit on the trunk, mature branches and exposed roots.) Fresh fruit may begin to ferment 3 to 4 days after harvest, so it is often used to make jams, tarts, strong wines, and liqueurs. Jabuticabas are fairly adaptable to various kinds of growing conditions, tolerating sand or rich topsoil. The Guarani name is yvapurũ: yva means fruit and the onomatopoeic word purũ describes the crunching sound the fruit produces when bitten.  The tree is known for its purplish-black, white-pulped fruits which grow directly on the trunk; they can be eaten raw or be used to make jellies, jams, juice or wine. The Jaboticaba, also known as the 'Brazilian Grape Tree,' produces tons of dark colored fruits between the sizes of grapes and plums on its bark. The tree prefers moist, rich, lightly acidic soil. Jaboticaba trees are not widely known throughout the world, but these trees, native to Brazil, do grow small purple fruits that taste a lot like grapes! In Brazil, the fruit of several related species, namely Myrciaria tenella and M. trunciflora, share the same common name. The jabuticaba tree, which appears as a charge on the coat of arms of Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brazil, has become a widely used species in the art of bonsai, particularly in Taiwan and parts of the Caribbean. The 1- to 4-inch long leaves of the jaboticaba begin as salmon colored when young and, upon maturity, deepen into a dark green. Commercial cultivation of the fruit in the Northern Hemisphere is more restricted by slow growth and the short shelf-life of fruit than by temperature requirements. Common in Brazilian markets, jabuticabas are largely eaten fresh; their popularity has been likened to that of grapes in the United States. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jabuticaba&oldid=988900994, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 22:52. I have bout 2 other similar product and the leaves are very different. Embedded within the flesh are one to four large seeds, which vary in shape depending on the species.. Grafted plants may bear fruit in five years; seed-grown trees may take 10 to 20 years to bear fruit, though their slow growth and small size when immature make them popular as bonsai or container ornamental plants in temperate regions.  Related species in the genus Myrciaria, often referred to by the same common names, are native to Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru and Bolivia. The leaves are salmon-pink when young, turning green as they mature. Its flowers are white and grow directly from its trunk in a cauliflorous habit. Plinia cauliflora, the Brazilian grapetree, jaboticaba or jabuticaba, is a tree in the family Myrtaceae, native to Minas Gerais, Goiás and São Paulo states in Brazil. It is widely adaptable, however, and grows satisfactorily even on alkaline beach-sand type soils, so long as it is tended and irrigated. Verified Purchase. The tree is a slow-growing evergreen that can reach a height of 15 meters if not pruned. It is a relative of the guava and true myrtle. Reviewed in the United States on June 21, 2020. The fruit is a thick-skinned berry and typically measures 3–4 cm in diameter. When continuously irrigated it flowers frequently, and fresh fruit can be available year-round in tropical regions. Fruit Shape/Size: Round to 2.5 to 3 inches: Fruit Flavor: Sweet, Tangy: Skin Color When Ripe: Yellowish-Orange: Fruit Use: Fresh Eating, Juice: Fruit Season: Early Summer: Light Needs: Full Sun: Water Needs: Regular Water: USDA Zone: 11 Jabuticaba Details ; Type: Tropical Fruit: Evergreen/Deciduous: Evergreen: Tree Size/Habit: Shrubby Growth to 30ft. These trees are quite interesting because they bear fruit on old growth trunks and branches, which makes the tree look like it's covered in … They are intolerant of salty soils or salt spray. As mentioned, the jaboticaba fruit tree bears its fruit along old growth branches and trunks rather than along new growth as in most other fruit trees. If you are buying for house plant then its ok. Just don't expect any fruits. 2.0 out of 5 stars Jaboticaba Tree, 2 Feet Tall. It has a thick, purple, astringent skin that encases a sweet, white or rosy pink gelatinous flesh. While all jabuticaba species are subtropical and can tolerate mild, brief frosts, some species may be marginally more cold-tolerant. The tropical Jaboticaba, or Jabuticaba, is a delight to watch as white fuzzy blooms burst among the tree's older bark, covering the tree with a … This is not a fruiting tree. They are tolerant of mild drought, though fruit production may be reduced, and irrigation will be required in extended or severe droughts. The tree is a slow-growing evergreen that can reach a height of 15 meters if not pruned. The leaves are salmon-pink when young, turning green as they mature. Due to the short shelf-life, fresh jabuticaba fruit is rare in markets outside areas of cultivation. In an uncultivated state, the tree may flower and fruit only once or twice a year.