The landings were conducted simultaneously around Casablanca in French Morocco and around the French Algerian cities of Oran and Algiers. After the victory, British forces led by General Montgomery were to the east of Tunisia and the U.S. forces were located to the west effectively sandwiching Rommel in Tunisia. Such a victory would have been very important for the Allies because it would have cleared the Mediterranean for shipping purposes. Due to the lack of resistance by the French in North Africa, the Germans immediately occupied southern France and seized the remainder of the French Fleet located in Toulon (Operation Lila). Operation Torch Video. Under pressure from Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to open a second front, the Western Allies debated how they might best engage Germany. Patton’s main target was the capture of Casablanca, the city was captured on November 10th when he took the city without resistance, just two days into Operation Torch a major objective was already accomplished. Torch Landings. Note the Operation Torch-specific yellow border around the national insignia (80-G-K-15976). The major problems at the Oran landings were also more of a logistics nature, the beach that was meant for the landing hadn’t been properly inspected and the shallow waters lead to damage on some of the landing craft which slowed down the deployment of equipment and troops. The Central Task Force was set on Oran under the command of Major-General Lloyd Fredendall with 18, 500 troops. Just days later other Allied forces made surprise landings in French Morocco and Algeria, soon persuading all of French North Africa to join them. The operation would result in a major victory for the Allies and would also include the first major airborne assault carried out by the United States during the war by the U.S. 509th Parachute Infantry Regiment. Operation Torch Map (Overview) Operation Torch; November, 1942. Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. A few ships of the French navy also tried to attack the Allied fleet but were quickly sunk or driven away and by November 9th the French troops had surrendered. The Allied forces hoped that the French in North Africa would not engage them in a war because they had fought on the same side in previous wars. Operation Torch was the name of the Allied invasion of northwest Africa in the hopes and goal of removing the Axis presence on the continent. Operation Torch Video. The Western Task Force under the command of Major-General George Patton was chosen to land near Casablanca with some 35, 000 troops. Operation Torch (initially called Operation Gymnast) ... Map of Operation Torch. Download map now! Russia was constantly pushing the Allies to start a new front against the Axis in west Europe but in 1942 the Allies, mainly the British didn’t think that they were strong enough to attack Germany in Europe. Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean (8 November 1942 - El Alamein and Operation Torch: In November, the tide turned in the Western Desert Campaign when the British defeated Rommel's Afrika Korps at El Alamein. The French colonies in the area were dominated by the French, formally aligned with Germany but of mixed loyalties.Reports indicated that they might support the Allies. The German troops that were battling with Montgomery at El Alamein were now retreating in the direction of the now landed Allies, with seemingly nowhere else to retreat. 8th to 12th Nov ember 1942. The best-known American bomber of the war, the B-17 was not the best performing. Russia was constantly pushing the Allies to start a new front against the Axis in west Europe but in 1942 the Allies, mainly the British didn’t think that they were strong enough to attack Germany in Europe. On the first day of Operation Torch, a flight of C-47s set off from airfields around Land’s End, at the southern tip of Britain, and carried paratroopers all the way to Tunisia to make their attack. Planning and Build-up Allied forces The Battle Western Task Force Central Task Force Eastern Task Force Aftermath. After regrouping the landed Allied troops moved to Tunisia. Morocco had around 60, 000 French troops and a small naval fleet at Casablanca, but instead of fighting against the French army the Allies wanted to cooperate with them. All three landings during Operation Torch were extremely successful. Successful completion of these operations was to be followed by an advance eastwards into Tunisia. When the landings began there were no air or naval bombardments because the Allies hoped. Operation Torch (8-11 November 1942) was the Allied invasion of Vichy occupied North Africa, and was the first significant land operation carried out by American troops in the war against Germany. However having won the Battle of El Alamein in November they felt confident going against the German forces in North Africa. List of Maps. The Allied planned to send 120,000 men, 500 aircrafts, and several warships to Morocco and Algeria. What the Allies wanted above all else was a good amphibious landing, for that purpose Casablanca, Oran and Algiers were chosen as the landing sites.