An individual may fly thousands of kilometers from its breeding grounds, sometimes crossing the equator. On Kerguelen Island, feral cats have killed entire broods of chicks. Wandering Albatross on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wandering_albatross, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22698305/0. The nest is a mound of mud and vegetation, and is placed on an exposed ridge near the sea. Wandering Albatrosses are often seen scavenging scraps from fishing boats, but squid and fish are the preferred foods. These birds can sometimes eat so much that they cannot fly and have to stay resting on the water. Females are slightly smaller than males. How do Wandering Albatrosses feed? Abstract. A Wandering albatross has a special gland above its nasal passage which produces a high saline solution to help maintain the salt level in its body, dealing with the salt water it takes in. At other times birds roam the southern oceans and commonly follow fishing boats for several days. The white tail is occasionally tipped with black and the back of the wing changes from black to white with age. A single creamy-white egg is laid, and both parents take turn incubating for periods of 2-3 weeks over 78 days. The size range of its wingspan is around 8.3 to 11.6 feet in length. Breeding is from December until March. Close up, the fine black wavy lines on the breast, neck and upper back become visible. The Wandering Albatross is the largest of the albatrosses and is the living bird with the greatest wingspan, measuring almost 3.5 m. These islands have peat soils, tussock grass, mosses, sedges, and shrubs. Snowy albatross, White-winged albatross, Goonie. The average weight of an adult albatross is around 14 to 26 pounds. 1. Galley refuse and floating waste also form part of the diet. Wandering albatrosses ( Diomedea exulans) forage over thousands of square kilometers of open ocean for patchily distributed live prey and carrion. Your Garden: How to make it a safe haven for birds, Other Areas Nearby: improving the landscape for birds. A Wandering albatross spends all its time at sea, aside from when it is breeding, far from even any islands. Nests are a mound of mud and grass on the ground of the slopes, among the sparse vegetation. Once hunted for their feathers to decorate women’s hats, this practice has disappeared due to changes in fashion. These birds usually disperse over the Southern Ocean once the breeding season ends, and most of them probably travel east, perhaps in a circumpolar movement. The most likely cause is longline fishing, as they become hooked and will drown, as well as the ingestion of plastics, which kills both chicks and adults. It lives up to its name when it takes fishing trips that last 10-20 days and can cover 10,000 km, while using hardly more energy than when sitting on its nest. It lives up to its name when it takes fishing trips that last 10-20 days and can cover 10,000 km, while using hardly more energy than when sitting on its nest. Fights may occur, but these are usually over food. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds, Volume 2 (Raptors to Lapwings). Wandering albatrosses are relatively well protected, due to both their remote location and certain laws. In the breeding season, a Wandering albatross is gregarious and performs a range of displays. During the early stages of the chick's development, the parents take turns to sit on the nest while the other searches for food. Wandering albatrosses are monogamous and pairs mate for life. Despite its large size, this bird is wonderfully adapted for soaring flight, and is able to glide for hours before needing to flap its wings in … Wandering albatrosses can travel as far as 500 km in a day, spending most of their life flying. Despite its large size, this bird is wonderfully adapted for soaring flight, and is able to glide for hours before needing to flap its wings in order to regain height. The Wandering Albatross is the largest of the albatrosses and is the living bird with the greatest wingspan, measuring almost 3.5 m. The adult Wandering Albatross appears entirely white from a distance. Weight: 6 to 12kg. The Wandering Albatross visits Australian waters from Fremantle, Western Australia to northern New South Wales between June and September each year.