The challenge comes from later spring frosts, which, if they occur, kill blossoms and wipe out that year’s crop. Sarfaraz is originally from Pakistan and has been published in both American and Pakistani newspapers and magazines. The most popular fruit tree in South Dakota, the apple tree is often a sure bet. However cherry trees are early bloomers and hence there are chances of the flower buds and the young fruit getting damaged by the spring frosts. You certainly do not want to plant a fruit tree and never get to taste the fruit of your labor. Cherry trees can grow up to 30 feet or more. Though long, cold winters may limit the options for fruit trees in South Dakota, several fruit trees are suitable for the climate. South Dakota State University Cooperative Extension Service: Fruit Varieties of South Dakota 2006-2007, National Gardening Association: Planning for Peaches, Flower and Garden Tips: Growing Cherry Trees. Peach trees require specific chilling hours below 45 degrees F to break their dormancy and start to flower. Golden Spice produces a tart pear especially good for canning. The South Dakota State University at Brookings, South Dakota states that sour cherry trees, like the North Star Cherry tree, will produce cherries in all areas of South Dakota. Most of the peach tree varieties are self fertile hence there is no need for an additional tree. Consider how quickly you want apples to mature, as well as resistance to disease, when selecting your apple tree. Certain varieties are recommended over others based on the general growing conditions in South Dakota, the reliability of the crop and the level of disease resistance. Apricots are not self fertile and both varieties have to be planted for best fruit production. Tart x sweet cross; sweeter fruit. Her work has appeared in "The Saint Paul Almanac" and in magazines such as "Inventing Tomorrow" and "Frontiers." Select one of the three cherry varieties recommended by South Dakota Cooperative Extension: Mesabi, Meteor or North Star. Cherries generally do not extended summers and need to chill out during the winter. Tart cherries are also self fertile and planting one tree is enough to produce a good crop. Evergreen Tree Species Native to South Dakota Drought Tolerance Alkaline (high pH) … Squash Bugs Are Active and Ready to Kill Your Plants. For trial (have not been tested in SD): Surefire, a later blooming variety with bright red skin and flesh; Sweet Cherry Pie™, a self-fruitful, sweeter tart cherry that is said to be hardy to -40ºF, tree to 15 ft. high. All the tart cherry varieties are recommended for South Dakota as they are hardy enough to withstand colder temperatures. Hunter Roberts Interim Secretary of Ag 523 E. Capitol Ave Pierre, SD 57501-3182 605.773.5425 A standard size apricot tree yields up to three to four bushels of fruit. Whether apple tree growers want apples for out-of-hand eating for cooking, they have several varieties to choose from. A high-headed tree is subject to sunscald and may also be injured by the wind. Ann Wolters has been a writer, consultant and writing coach since 2008. Windbreak protection to the fruit … Pears ( South Dakota Fruit Garden 5 Farmsteads protected by a terraced wind break on the northwest or north may have opportunity to provide some fruit trees at the eastern end of the terraces. The modified leader is one in which the central Despite the cold temperatures of South Dakota a number of fruit trees can be grown successfully in the state. Pear varieties such as Parker, Ure and Golden Spice should mature by mid-September in South Dakota. Though the varieties are hardy enough to bear the harsh climate, the blossoms are highly susceptible to damage by the early spring frosts. Its fruit is equally suitable for fresh eating and canning. Plums are susceptible to the disease black knot disease, which tends to be difficult to control. Growing hardy varieties of apricots, Sungold and Moongold, still proves to be a bit of a gamble in South Dakota. Hybrid plums require cross-pollination so two different cultivars must be planted. The majority of peach trees are cold hardy to temperatures of up to -5 degrees F. A few varieties like reliance, china pearl, and intrepid are resilient enough to withstand temperatures of -20 degrees F. Some good varieties include red globe, loring, suncrest and Madison.